Some men shave their heads , either as a fashion statement, because they find a shaved head preferable to the appearance of male pattern baldness , or in order to attain enhanced cooling of the skull — particularly for people suffering from hyperhidrosis. A much smaller number of Western women also shave their heads, often as a fashion or political statement. Some women also shave their heads for cultural or social reasons. The outlawed custom is still infrequently encountered mostly in rural areas.
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The society at large and the government are working to end the practice of ostracizing widows. People may also remove some or all of their pubic hair for aesthetic or sexual reasons. Moreover, unwanted hair is often removed in preparatory situations by both sexes, in order to avoid socially awkward situations. For example, unwanted hair is removed in preparation for a sexual encounter or before visiting the beach. Though traditionally in Western culture women remove body hair and men do not, some women choose not to remove hair from their bodies, either as a preference or as an act of defiance against what they regard to be an oppressive ritual, while some men remove or trim their body hair, a practice that is referred to as being a part of "manscaping" a portmanteau expression for male-specific grooming.
The term glabrousness also has been applied to human fashions, [ citation needed ] wherein some participate in culturally motivated hair removal by depilation surface removal by shaving , dissolving , or epilation removal of the entire hair, such as waxing or plucking. Although the appearance of secondary hair on parts of the human body commonly occurs during puberty , and therefore, is often seen as a symbol of adulthood, removal of this and other hair may become fashionable in some cultures and subcultures. In many modern Western cultures , men currently are encouraged to shave their beards, and women are encouraged to remove hair growth in various areas.
Commonly depilated areas for women are the underarms, legs, and Pubic hair. Some individuals depilate the forearms. In recent years, bodily depilation in men has increased in popularity among some subcultures of Western males. As with any cosmetic practice, the particulars of hair removal have changed over the years.
Western female depilation has been significantly influenced by the evolution of clothing in the past century. Leg and underarm shaving became popular again [ when?
The reduction of the minimum acceptable standards for bodily coverage over recent years has resulted in the exposure of more flesh, giving rise to more extensive hair removal in some cultures. Encouragement by commercial interests may be seen in advertising. At present, this has resulted in the " Brazilian waxing " trend involving the partial or full removal of pubic hair, as the thongs worn on Brazilian beaches are too small to conceal very much of it.
For men, the practice of depilating the pubic area is commonly referred to as manscaping, even though technically this term is applicable to hair removal all over the body.
Many men will try this at some point in their lives, especially for aesthetic reasons. Most men will use a razor to shave this area, however, as best practice, it is recommended to use a body trimmer to shorten the length of the hair before shaving it off completely.
In ancient Egypt, depilation was commonly practiced, with pumice and razors used to shave. It is represented in some artistic depictions of male and female nudity, [ citation needed ] examples of which may be seen in some red figure pottery of Ancient Greece on which both men and women were depicted without body or pubic hair. Emperor Augustus was said, by Suetonius, to have applied "hot nutshells" on his legs as a form of depilation. The majority of Muslims believe that adult removal of pubic and axillary hair , as a hygienic measure, is religiously beneficial.
Baptized Sikhs are specifically instructed never to cut, shave, or otherwise remove any hair on their bodies; this is a major tenet of the Sikh faith see Kesh. In the clothes free movement , the term "smoothie" refers to an individual who has removed most of their hair. In the past, such practices were frowned upon and in some cases, members of clothes-free clubs were forbidden to remove their pubic hair: violators could face exclusion from the club. Enthusiasts grouped together and formed societies of their own that catered to that fashion and the fashion became more popular, with smoothies becoming a major percentage at some nudist venues.
Being a Smoothie is described by its supporters as exceptionally comfortable and liberating. Every year in spring the club organizes the international Smoothy days. In the U. Although the SCN club closed in after five years, its SCN website continues to promote the club's hairless fashion. Athletes may depilate as an enhancement to their abilities. For example, male and female competitive swimmers may remove their body and pubic hair [ citation needed ] in order to help streamline their bodies and to allow their swimsuits to fit more closely to their bodies.
Hairfree legs also are described as increasing the comfort and effectiveness of sport massages. In some parts of the Theravada Buddhist world, it is common practice to shave the heads of children. Weak or sickly children are often left with a small topknot of hair, to gauge their health and mark them for special treatment.
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When health improves, the lock is cut off. In Judaism , there is no obligation to remove unwanted body hair or facial hair, unless the woman does so, she must shave whatever area she usually shaves in preparation for the Mikva, the ritual bath. Jewish men, are prohibited from using a razor to shave their beards or sideburns; and, by custom, neither men nor women may cut their hair or shave during a day mourning period after the death of an immediate family member.
It is not currently practiced as a law, contingent upon a future decision by the Universal House of Justice , its highest governing body. Sikhs take an even stronger stance, opposing all forms of hair removal. One of the " Five Ks " of Sikhism is Kesh , meaning "hair". To Sikhs, the maintenance and management of long hair is a manifestation of one's piety. Under Muslim law Sharia , it is recommended to keep the beard ,  and that which is the object of recommendation foot, hand, back, and chest hair.
A Muslim may trim or cut hair on the head. The hairs on the chest and the back may be removed. In the 9th century, the use of chemical depilatories for women was introduced by Ziryab in Al-Andalus. Ancient Egyptian priests also shaved or depilated all over daily, so as to present a "pure" body before the images of the gods. The body hair of surgical patients may be removed before surgery.
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In the past, this may have been achieved by shaving, but that is now considered counter-productive, so clippers or chemical depilatories may be used instead. Some people with trichiasis find it medically necessary to remove ingrown eyelashes. Shaving against the grain can often cause ingrown hairs. Many forms of cancer require chemotherapy, which often causes severe and irregular hair loss.
For this reason, it is common for cancer patients to shave their heads even before starting chemotherapy. In extreme situations, people may need to remove all body hair to prevent or combat infestation by lice , fleas and other parasites. Such a practice was used, for example, in Ancient Egypt. A close-cropped or completely shaven haircut is common in military organizations.
In field environments, soldiers are susceptible to infestation of lice , ticks , and fleas. In addition, short hair is also more difficult for an enemy to grab hold of in hand-to-hand combat, and short hair makes fitting gas masks and helmets easier. The practice serves to cultivate a group-oriented environment through the process of removing exterior signs of individuality. However, even after the initial recruitment phase, when head-shaving is no longer required, many soldiers maintain a completely or partially shaven hairstyle such as a " high and tight ", " flattop " or " buzz cut " for personal convenience and an exterior symbol of military solidarity.
Armies may also require males to maintain clean-shaven faces as facial hair can prevent an air-tight seal between the face and breathing or safety equipment, such as a pilot's oxygen mask, a diver's mask, or a soldier's gas mask.
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It is a common practice for professional footballers soccer and road cyclists to remove leg hair for a number of reasons. In the case of a crash or tackle, the absence of the leg hair means the injuries usually road rash or scarring can be cleaned up more efficiently, and treatment is not impeded. Professional cyclists, as well as professional footballers, also receive regular leg massages, and the absence of hair reduces the friction and increases their comfort and effectiveness.
It is also common for competitive swimmers to shave the hair off their legs, arms, and torsos, to reduce drag and provide a heightened "feel" for the water by removing the exterior layer of skin along with the body hair. One of the reasons is that they are required to wear shin guards and in case of a skin rash the affected area can be treated more efficiently. In some situations, people's hair is shaved as a punishment or a form of humiliation. After World War II, head-shaving was a common punishment in France, the Netherlands, and Norway for women who had collaborated with the Nazis during the occupation, and, in particular, for women who had sexual relations with an occupying soldier.
In the United States, during the Vietnam War , conservative students would sometimes attack student radicals or "hippies" by shaving beards or cutting long hair. One notorious incident occurred at Stanford University , when unruly fraternity members grabbed Resistance founder and student-body president David Harris , cut off his long hair, and shaved his beard.
During European witch-hunts of the Medieval and Early Modern periods , alleged witches were stripped naked and their entire body shaved to discover the so-called witches' marks. The discovery of witches' marks was then used as evidence in trials. Head shaving during present times is also used as a form of payment for challenges or dares lost involving the removal of all body hair.
Depilation is the removal of the part of the hair above the surface of the skin. The most common form of depilation is shaving or trimming. Another option is the use of chemical depilatories , which work by breaking the disulfide bonds that link the protein chains that give hair its strength. Epilation is the removal of the entire hair, including the part below the skin. Methods include waxing , sugaring , epilation devices , lasers , threading , intense pulsed light or electrology. Hair is also sometimes removed by plucking with tweezers.
Many products in the market have proven fraudulent. Many other products exaggerate the results or ease of use. For over years, electrology has been in use in the United States. It is approved by the FDA. This technique permanently destroys germ cells [ citation needed ] responsible for hair growth by way of insertion of a fine probe in the hair follicle and the application of a current adjusted to each hair type and treatment area. A review article in the journal "Lasers in Medical Science" compared intense pulsed light IPL and both alexandrite and diode lasers.
The review found no statistical difference in effectiveness, but a higher incidence of side effects with diode laser-based treatment. Hair reduction after 6 months was reported as Truly corrective treatment without any down time! Microcurrent mimics the natural electrical current in the body. It reeducates the underlying muscle, lift, tones and sculpt the face while stimulating collagen and elastin and ATP for a non-surgical face-lift.
It softens discolorations, reduces lines and wrinkles. A series of treatments maybe needed for optimum results. Your skin will look revitalized and radiant instantly! Add a peel for accelerated results! Experience the revival of your skin! Peels exfoliate the top layer of your skin by the means of a peeling agent or peeling tool. Your skin will feel smooth and refined, with a brighter more even tone. This is a quick economic answer to your listless complexion! Your skin will need a week of preparatory products before the chemical peel.
A pretreatment kit with products that are necessary to use for a full week before the chemical peel. A customized chemical peel designed to meet the level of exfoliation that your skin needs, with amazing results. You will be amazed with your new clear, smooth skin — absent of conditions you thought were permanent, or too costly to treat. Avoid sun exposure and tanning. Sun burned areas will not be treated. Advise staff when taking antibiotics.
Certain antibiotics Tetracycline, Doxycycline can make your skin photosensitive.
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Treated areas may be irritated, as well as red. Some crusting may form on treated areas. Scabs may last days for larger treated spots. Avoid direct sunlight immediately following treatment. Avoid steam rooms, vigorous exercise or hot tubs for hours following treatment. When cleansing face or showering, use mild products without alcohol. Pat dry vs. Do NOT use any form of peeling, scrubs, retinol or bleaching products until treated area is fully healed.
After crust sloughs off, the skin may appear pink until area is fully healed days.