He became a teacher but fell on hard times. Willis died in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, on February 9, , aged Pte Alfred Gillibrand, Lancashire Fusiliers. My Grandfather Alfred Gillibrand who served in the Lancashire Fusiliers wrote a letter that was published in the national press while he was recovering from his wounds at the Dardanelles, i've attached a copy which may be of use to you. My Grandfather survived the war and lived until a ripe old age in Darwen Lancashire. A letter straight from W Beach 7 days after the Lancashire Landing. On Board the Cunard S. I got through the landing without a scratch thanks to my natural instinct to seek cover on a flat beach, but sprained my ankle badly the second night falling in a trench in the dark.
By Jove it was pretty hot that first Sunday morning. I can hardly write about it yet. Poor old Porter was killed by a hand grenade I think climbing up the cliff on my right. I am awfully sick he got knocked over. Editor and Tommy were shot getting out of the boat. Clark was shot through the head sitting in the boat. I tell you I looked pretty slippy about getting ashore. I jumped overboard in 5 feet of water. Bishop is old guard and as cool as a cucumber under fire. Well I think we fairly made a name for ourselves as we were first to establish a hold on the peninsular.
I only got about five men ashore alive in my boat and not one of them could use their rifles owning to sand jamming the bolt. I believe he has since been hit through the shoulder. I must say I think this kind of fighting is a bit too warm for words. I had two horse gunner signallers who were with L battery in France with me and they said they had never seen anything like that first landing. We spent the night on HMS Euryalus and landed in boats in tows early at daylight.
I can tell you the sight of the peninsular being shelled by the fleet was grand with the sun shining above it all. We kicked off right outside the supporting ships and went in fairly fast until we were right under the canons mouth the noise of the 10" etc. We never got a shot fired at us till the oars were tossed and then they started in earnest. The first bullet that struck the water brought up loud jeers from our men but poor devils they little thought what they were in for.
Wilson was shot the first man I saw hit he got out first from the boat next me and was hit in the stomach at once. I am afraid he will have lost it. I must say I am sorry for the girls in Nuneaton if they really cared; but it will show that toast of the south? Well I expect to be back in the firing line in a day or so but my foot is still bruised an although I feel an awful scrimshanker on the ship when I can see the battle going on on land I know if I go too soon my foot will go again.
I could not move my toes for the first day and Price? Well best luck old chap. I am glad you are not here for Mrs. Ever yours, Oddy. Notes: C. He died that day, he is commemorated on the Helles Memorial Panel 58 to 72 or to Despite his early optimism, Talbot himself was killed in further fighting on 4th June Slingsby survived the War, by he had his M. In he became C. This soldier who was 21 years of age, resided at Morton Street, Middleton and joined the Territorials in November , he was formerly employed by the Castleton Moor Spinning Company.
The Middleton Guardian says he was a Territorial, but the 1st Lancashire Fusiliers were a regular battalion, famous for winning 6, V. C's before breakfast when they landed at Gallipoli in April So he must have been a regular soldier. He died of exposure during the terrible cold and floods that occurred in November, when men were drowned in the trenches due to the flood and freezing temperatures. The regimental history recorded that 19 were frozen to death, 20 men drowned, and officers and men of the 1st Battalion of the LF's were evacuated to hospital.
Which is beyond comprehension really. Private Brogden has no known grave and his name is on the Helles Memorial to the missing. The Turks waited until the Fusiliers were almost ashore then opened fire. Despite heavy losses the Fusiliers kept a toehold on the beach and eventually advanced up both sides of the cliff driving the defending Turks out of their trenches. Later that morning other units were diverted to W Beach to reinforce the troops who were advancing on their inland objectives. Six VCs were eventually awarded for this action and W Beach was renamed Lancashire Landing in honour of the Battalion that had captured it.
Alfred Richards V. Sergeant Alfred Joseph Richards V. The attack was timed for 6. Any element of surprise was sacrificed in favour of a naval bombardment of the enemy positions. The landing was to become famous as 'The Lancashire Landing. London Gazette The Lancashire Fusiliers. Date of Acts of Bravery: 25 April On the 25th of April , three Companies and the Headquarters of the 1st Battn. Lancashire Fusiliers, in effecting a landing on the Gallipoli Peninsula to the west of Cape Helles, were met by very deadly fire from hidden machine guns which caused a great number of casualties.
Amongst the very gallant officers and men engaged in this most hazardous undertaking, Capt. Willis, Sergt. Richards and Private Keneally have been selected by their comrades as having performed the most signal acts of bravery and devotion to duty. Captain Clayton, who was killed six weeks later, wrote: "There was tremendously strong barbed wire where my boat was landed.
Men were being hit in the boats and as they splashed ashore.
There was a man there before me shouting for wire-cutters. The front of the wire by now was a thick mass of men, the majority of whom never moved again?. I eventually crawled through the wire with great difficulty, as my pack kept catching on the wire, and got under a small mound which actually gave us protection.
The weight of our packs tired us, so that we could only gasp for breath. After a little time we fixed bayonets and started up the cliffs right and left. On the right several were blown up by a mine It was in fact a British naval shell. When we started up the cliff the enemy went, but when we got to the top they were ready and poured shots on us.
Major Shaw, who also did not survive the campaign, wrote: "About yards from the beach the enemy opened fire, and bullets came thick all around, splashing up the water. I didn't see anyone actually hit in the boats, though several were; e. As soon as I felt the boat touch, I dashed over the side into three feet of water and rushed for the barbed wire entanglements on the beach; it must have been only three feet high or so, because I got over it amidst a perfect storm of lead and made for cover, sand dunes on the other side, and got good cover. I then found Maunsell and only two men had followed me.
On the right of me on the cliff was a line of Turks in a trench taking pot shots at us, ditto on the left. I looked back. There was one soldier between me and the wire, and a whole line in a row on the edge of the sands. The sea behind was absolutely crimson, and you could hear the groans through the rattle of musketry.
Maxwell's death at Ypres in Sept. He was killed in no-mans-land after exposing himself to a German sniper who had missed him with his first shot. But had he not constantly risked his life he would not have been thewonderful leader of men that he was. He took these risks because he believed that, in the dreadful conditions of terrain and shelling that characterised the Somme and Ypres battles, the training and experience of the New Army infantry was not sufficient to guarantee effective action after an 'objective' had been attained, or sometimes even during an attack op.
Maxwell was a Regular Soldier - war was his trade. He was a V. Frontier of India. It may well be, also, that he looked on his V. One thing has always puzzled me about Maxwell's "Revised Preliminary Instructions" regarding communications in the attack of 20 Sept. The scheme of communications was prepared by Maxwell after consultation with me I remember him asking "where do you propose to be yourself?
My Bit - A Lancashire Fusilier at War 1914-18
This instruction disconcerted me very considerably - it seemed so unlike Maxwell and I thought Signals responsibility was to get lines repaired if it was in any way practicable. Under Croft, who left the drafting of Signals battle instructions almost entirely to my own discretion, I did not ban wire-repairing - but it was not attempted regardless of local circumstances.
See also pp 8,9,10,12,14,15, Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh. It was unveiled on 11 Sept My invitation to be present was sent out by Mrs Maxwell from an address in St Fillans, and was received by me while on holiday in Comrie. So I cycled over to St. Fillans and introduced myself to Mrs Maxwell and her two little daughters, Rachel and Violet.
I kept in touch with Mrs Maxwell until her death? The photograph of the St. Giles' Memorial that is reproduced in "I am Ready" was taken by me at Mrs Maxwell's request I was perched on a step-ladder with a Leica camera. Croft, C.
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Croft was a regular soldier - a Cameronian Scottish Rifles. Like Maxwell he was a small man, but more thick-set. In age I would guess he was around He had been a courageous Bn. Commander 11 Roy Scots and was an energetic and efficient Brig. General, but he never inspired devotion among his subordinates as Maxwell did. I served under him for 16 months but cannot recall that the Signal Section or I - or indeed anyone at Bde.
In his book, "Three Years with the 9th Scottish Division", he does not even mention the existence of a B. I was therefore astounded to receive the following eulogy, contained in a letter, dated 15 March , written in reply to one of mine Croft also gave me a good testimonial when I applied for a post on the Geological Survey, and another when I made an application which fortunately proved unsuccessful for the Professorship of Geology in Edinburgh in The letter was so obviously overdrawn that I hesitated to use it. Well, strange are the ways of human nature.
I don't know about Croft's post-war army career. In he was farming in the south of England and "responsible for training 10, men"? Home Guard. See also addendum on Croft. It is remarkable that no less than five of my associates in 27 Inf. This seems to bear out Croft's dictum that "war soon distinguishes between the men and the monkeys"!
I shall deal with the Knights first and then comment on other old comrades in alphabetical order. Duke , D. Duke, a Merchistonian and a keen cricketer, had been commissioned in the Black Watch. He had somewhat reddish hair, was spare of figure, and rather "buttoned up" and reserved Darling once referred to him as "the fish-like Duke".
He was quite unflappable and very efficient as Staff Capt. We got on very well indeed, and opposed each other at chess from time to time. I liked and admired him. After the war he distinguished himself in the Home Civil Service, got a C. I kept in touch with him in London and later in Edinburgh where he now lives.
Hathorn Hall , D. Hall, fair-haired and somewhat burly, had been in the Sudan Civil? Like Duke he was a most efficient Staff Officer, but in temperament he was gay to exuberant - I liked him. Aden and Governor of Uganda. I forget what kind of a knighthood he got. I got in touch with him, by letter, a year or two ago, when I discovered in Who's Who that he was living in London in the same block of flats as my old Chief Sir Wm Pugh former Director of Geol. Christie , M.
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He was a good sort and an able I. In the Indian Civil Service, after the war, he rose to high rank and was knighted. I kept in touch with him until after his first leave from India. He had much to do with organising the Memorial to Maxwell in St. Will Y. Darling M. As he tells us in his autobiography, he had made nothing of his life in spite of spells in Ceylon and Australia until he enlisted in Kitchener's Army in at the age of He had been badly injured in Gallipoli before coming to France, where he served under Croft in the 11 R. He was credited by Croft in his book with having Character, Personality and Drive, a big ugly, mobile, cheese-like face, and the best company in the battalion!
We always got on well when I got to know him during his period at 27 B. I remember him saying, when we happened to meet outside the Spoil Bank dugout during the German barrage, that for one so young I seemed to take little interest in reaching maturity. He had a great sense of humour. Once when we were leaving somewhere? Sailly Lanvette on 28 Feb , he sent me a typewritten chit, on behalf of the Staff Captain, which was intended to instruct me to see that B.
Unfortunately the typist omitted one line, and I was, in fact, instructed to see that B. I at once sent Darling a chit saying that I had no experience of this exercise, and asking him to be present to superintend. In his reply he said he was aware of my inexperience, as well as incapacity, and that it was only through experience that young officers learnt their duties! After the war his uncle whose son had been killed took him into the Princes St. He used to parade up and down Princes St.
Passar bra ihop
In due course he became City Treasurer, was knighted as Lord Provost of Edinburgh during the war and was elected to Parliament. He had no post-school education, but was widely read and liked poetry see introductory letter. He bought up two book shops in Edinburgh and wrote a number of books in addition to his autobiography. Towards the end of the road he suffered a severe stroke, and lingered on for some years a helpless invalid. See also pp15,26,27,30,37,52 ]. T Drummond Shields M. He was a delightful chap, probably about Darling's age, who organised an anti-swearing league which had very few adherents.
He was the son of a photographer in Lauriston Pl. He did not live long afterwards. He intrigued me by being M. Ross , D. Bobby Ross of The Queens was a Regular Soldier and one of the few survivors among the junior infantry officers of the 7th Division of the "Old Contemptibles". The Kaiser called the British Expeditionary Force of a "contemptible little army". Ross was a good sort.
He left us, for Egypt, just before the Somme Retreat. Cuthbert M. Cuthbert was a Glasgow businessman connected with shipping - he was probably in his thirties. His regiment was Scottish Rifles. He was quiet and efficient and, like most Glaswegians, a delightful chap. He got his M. Pringle and I called on him once in his office in Glasgow.
Now dead I think. Stewart Dorward had no connection with 27 Bde, but came to see me several times in France and is one of my oldest friends. He was my pal in the R. E Unit of Edinburgh University O. We were together at Hitchin and Biggleswade in and I saw him quite a lot later on in Norwich.
In France he was in charge of a large mechanical digger - for making trenches to bury cable in - it was based on Corps H. After the war he graduated at Edinburgh University as a B. He lives at the moment in Perth W. Australia near his brother's widow, Cecile. Major John Ewing , M. John Ewing was Adjt. Before long he went as a History Professor to Grahamstown, S. Africa and died there not long afterwards. He was a delightful chap. Hall , M. Hall returned to Post Office work after the war. He was a "sorting-clerk and telegraphist" and could carry on a conversation while sending a message on a Morse Key.
We have exchanged Christmas cards for some 50 years. I went to see him at Blackrod. Roy Ker , D. Commanded 6 K. I knew him well. He did not go back to banking but, after the war, ran a small business in Edinburgh.
He was my C. As a Private I won a very handsome medal in a Signal Competition - largely because I knew all about the D III field telephone and the other competitors had hardly seen one! McIntosh M. Sigs for some job at a Corps H. When he got there his first job was to answer a rather insubordinate letter sent by himself from 9 Div.
Signals before his departure! He abandoned the Regular Army after the war and went farming in Rhodesia. Eventually I lost touch with him. He was in Tasmania a year or so ago. I wrote to him there in and got an enthusiastic reply. Said he had not heard from a 9 Div. Signals man for 47 years! He became a Lt. I saw him in Edinburgh in March Charlie was 4 years my junior - he was known as 'Baby' Mein in the 12 R. Scots at Arras. He was first in action, as a cadet, with Trinity College Dublin O.
He was with the 12 R. Scots from Arras to Kemmel. The bullet that knocked him out in the final advance from Ypres in was in one way a lucky one, for it did no serious damage; but it may well have deprived him of a Belgian Croix de Guerre "Out of sight, out of mind". A great pal from Meteren onwards. I saw much of him in Edinburgh after the war. I would have been his "best man", had I not just been sent to a remote part of the Highlands, for my first spell of field work there, at the time he asked me to support him.
After the war he became a F. Fellow of the Faculty of Actuaries and for a time lectured on actuarial mathematics at Edinburgh University. In his spare time he became Scottish 'half-mile' champion. Unfortunately he went to York before long, where he was in the Yorkshire Insurance Co.
From time to time he and his wife Peg came to see us in Edinburgh. He died in after courageously facing abdominal trouble and serious operations. The Rev P. Oddie , M. Oddie was almost as great a 'character' as Darling, and universally popular. He came from the Brompton Oratory, in London, and alleged that he had been given a dispensation allowing him to drink alcohol and swear during the war! He was the best Chaplain to the Forces whom I encountered, and had been with 27 Bde from the beginning, I think. We used to argue about religion and play chess from time to time.
After the war he went back to Brompton Oratory. I once lunched with him there, along with all the other 'monks'. The ex-B. I was provided with a bottle of wine and Oddie, seated by a wall at right angles to mine, tried to make me laugh or so it seemed to me. Afterwards we all gathered in another room and conversed. In his own quarters Oddie showed me an enormous box of chocolates which he said had been given to him by a lady parishioner! Duke tells a good story of a visit he paid to Oddie at the oratory.
He was ushered along various passages and eventually Oddie was pointed out to him in a small alcove, apparently shriving the soul of a female parishioner. Oddie looked up, exclaimed "Good God, it's old Duke! Pringle , M. Another 'character' and another great pal. A great cadger of cigarettes. He had been with the 29 Div in Gallipoli before I knew him. Shortly after the war he arrived unannounced at 24 Dalrymple Crescent at a most inconvenient moment and said he had come to stay for a bit!
By: Cave, J. Publisher: Leo Cooper: Hardback; heavy foxing and yellowing to pages low quality paper in scratched dustjacket. A good reference copy. He saw service in Egypt, ; France and Belgium, ; and Germany, Publisher: Oxford University Press: Paperback; pages yellowed otherwise good in yellowed card covers.
By: Cadogan, E. Chartatan, K. Hardback; very good in creased dustacket. By: Butterworth, H.
LETTER TO GRANDCHILDREN
Cooksey, J. First published With New Introduction by Michael Orr. By: Bickersteth, J.